Controlling Infestations of Bed Bugs. Direct information on bed bug issues.
Bed bugs are demanding pests to control. Simply because they can hide in so numerous places, treatments should be thorough and elimination is not usually a certainty. In many cases, it will be advisable to enlist the expertise of an expert. Skilled bug control companies know where to search for bed bugs, and have a mixture of management tools available.
Owners and residents provide an critical role all of which will will need to aid the specialist. Affording accessibility for evaluation and treatment is essential, and excess clutter will need to be removed. Belongings strewn about rooms afford a lot of locations for bed bugs to hide, and impedes inspection and treatment. Some pest control firms want furniture moved away from walls and mattresses and box springs stood on edge just before they arrive; other people prefer to inspect very first and move these items themselves. Since bed bugs can disperse throughout a building, it typically will likely be required to inspect adjoining rooms and apartments.
Bed Bugs Treatment Procedures. Infested and infestation-prone bedding and garments will need to be bagged and laundered (120°F minimum) since these items cannot be treated with insecticides. Another effective and efficient option is to place clothing, toys, shoes, backpacks, etc., in a clothes dryer set at medium to high heat for 10 to 20 minutes. This will kill all bed bug life stages and can be done alone or in conjunction with laundering. According to textile experts at the Drycleaning & Laundry Institute (Laurel, MD), most garments designated as ‘dry-clean only’ (e.g., cotton, wool, silk, linen, rayon, nylon, poly blends) will not be harmed provided they are dry before being placed in a clothes dryer at moderate (less than 160?F) settings. While dry cleaning procedures also kill bed bugs, there is risk of infesting the establishment when buggy items are de-bagged, tagged and sorted.
Items which cannot be put in a washer or dryer can sometimes be de-infested by wrapping in plastic and placing them outdoors in a hot, sunny location, closed vehicle, etc. for at least a day. If this method is tried, packaging less items per bag causes it to be tougher for the bugs to find cooler locations to hide. Monitoring with a thermometer is advisable, which has a target internal temperature of at least 120°F. Bed bugs also will succumb to cold temperatures below 32°F, but the freezing temperatures ought to be maintained for various days. Consequently, throughout much of the country, heating tends to be a faster, more reliable alternative than chilling. Attempts to rid an entire dwelling of bed bugs by raising or lowering the thermostat will likely be unsuccessful, although some companies are having success using supplemental heaters.
General housecleaning procedures, such as vacuuming floors and surfaces, seldom reaches the locations where bed bugs hide. Targeted vacuuming of infested harborages, however, can help remove some of the bugs just before treatment with insecticides. Bed bugs and especially the eggs might be difficult to dislodge. Optimum results will likely be achieved by moving and scraping the end of the suction wand along infested areas such as seams and fabric folds of beds and sofas, and the perimeter edge of wall-to-wall carpets. Afterward, dispose of the vacuum contents in a sealed trash bag. Some pest control firms also employ commercial steamers or rapid freezing equipment to treat areas where bed bugs are found or suspected. Used correctly, they kill both bugs and eggs on contact. Neither method, however, affords residual protection against bed bugs which could have been missed.
At times it could be required to throw out infested items, especially beds and upholstered furniture. Knowledgeable pest control firms are able to advise clients on what can stay and what need to go. When infested items are discarded, bagging or wrapping them prevents dislodgement of bugs en route to the Dumpster®.
While the above mentioned procedures are helpful, insecticides are essential for bed bug elimination. Professionals treat using a variety of low-odor sprays, dusts and aerosols. Baits designed to control ants and cockroaches are ineffective. Application entails treating all areas where the bugs are discovered or tend to crawl or hide. This might take hours of effort and follow-up visits are generally required.
Some bed bug species are parasites of bats or birds, and might bite individuals if the wild hosts are no longer available. If bat bugs or bird bugs are involved, roosting and nesting sites ought to be the primary focus of treatment and the animals excluded from the building.
Do I Have to Throw Out the Bed? Eliminating bed bugs from beds could be challenging. If there are holes or tears in the fabric, the bugs and eggs might be inside, as well as outside. There also are restrictions on how beds could be treated with pesticides. For these reasons, companies sometimes recommend that beds be discarded, especially when heavily infested or in poor condition. Another choice is to encase both the mattress and box spring in a protective cover like those used for allergy relief. Encasements specifically designed to help protect againstbed bugsare available through retail outlets or pest control firms. Once the cover is installed and zipped shut, any bugs which happen to be inside are entombed and eventually will die. Encasements also help protect newly purchased beds, and make it easier to spot and destroy any bugs residing on the outer surface during subsequent examination. Encasements will not, however, keep bed bugs from crawling onto a bed and biting a sleeping person.
Bed bugs are often found on the undersides of box springs
Bed bugs are often found on the undersides of box springs.
Some companies treat seams, tufts, and crevices of bed components with insecticides, but they generally will not spray the entire mattress surface. They also ought to not spray bed sheets, blankets or clothing, which ought to be laundered. Vacuuming and steaming further help to eliminate bugs and eggs from beds, but afford no residual protection and might not kill bed bugs hidden inside the box spring or mattress. Fumigation is another way to de-infest beds and hard-to-treat items, but the procedure is not usually available. In extreme cases, entire buildings have been fumigated for bed bugs. The service can be quite costly though, and involves covering the building in a tarp and injecting a lethal gas. Some companies also de-infest such items with specialized heating equipment.
As difficult as it can be to eradicate bed bugs, it makes great sense to take precautions to avoid them in the first place. Householders should be vigilant when acquiring used furnishings, especially beds and couches. Curbside items should be avoided, and secondhand articles should be examined closely before being brought into the home, and perhaps laundered or placed in a dryer. Avoiding problems with bed bugs is most challenging in apartments, hotels and other places where there are ongoing opportunities for the bugs to be introduced. Preventative inspection by tenants, housekeeping staff, or pest control firms is the best way to uncover infestations in their initial stages when they are easiest to control.
Mattress and boxspring piled along the street curb
Discarded beds and couches might be infested and should be left alone.
Concerned vacationers may want to get in the habit of looking at their bed for signs of bed bugs, a common practice previously. This would entail examining the bed sheets and upper and lower seams of the mattress and box spring, especially along the head of the bed. Some professionals also suggest removal and examination behind the headboard, a frequent hiding place for the bugs in hotel rooms. Headboards are heavy and cumbersome, however, and untrained persons should not attempt removal themselves. If bed bugsare discovered , travelers can request another room, preferably in another area of the building. Vigilant travelers may also want to elevate suitcases off the floor on a luggage stand, tabletop or other hard surface. Should travelers experience itchy welts suggestive of bed bug bites during their stay, it would be prudent upon returning home (before unpacking) to place all clothing in disposable plastic bags and directly into the washer and/or dryer. Inspecting or vacuuming luggage upon arrival home is less useful since it’s hard to spot bed bugs inside a suitcase. The suitcase itself can either be treated or discarded.
The incidence of bed bugs in the United States is increasing to the point where vigilance by all is a prudent practice. Familiarity can help to avoid infestation, or at least prompt earlier intervention by a professional.
About the Author: Max Dundee
expert on bed Bug Treatments
for more info check out my website at http://bedbugs411.net